This article explains how to use PostgreSQL as a backend storage for mAirList.
PostgreSQL is an open source database management system, available for Windows, Linux and other operating systems. Being free of charge, fast and networking-enabled, we recommend to use PostgreSQL as the backend for any networked mAirListDB installation (where two or more mAirList computers or processes will share the same database).
Binary packages/installers for Windows are available here: http://www.postgresql.org/download/windows/ (for the actual download, you will be taken to a site called EnterpriseDB)
mAirList needs at least PostgreSQL 8.3 but will work fine with newer versions. You should pick the latest stable version available. As of October 2014, this is PostgreSQL 9.3.5.
The Windows installer includes the graphical administration frontend, pgAdmin III.
Download the appropriate setup file for your system (in this example
postgresql-9.3.5-1-windows-x64.exe) and run it.
The installer will ask you for a couple of things - most can be left untouched:
postgres. Choose a password and write it down. You will need it later to access the database with pgAdmin III.
At the end of the installation, you will find pgAdmin III in the Windows Start Menu.
The next step is to create an SQL user and an empty database for mAirList.
Open pgAdmin III, the main window will show:
In the tree on the left, you see the “PostgreSQL 9.3 (localhost:5432)” node - this is the server we have just installed. The red x icon means that pgAdmin is not connected to the server yet. Double-click that node, and pgAdmin will prompt for the password of the
postgres user that you have set during installation:
Enter the password and click OK. The database tree will expand and show a couple of new nodes: Databases, Tablespaces, Group Roles, Login Roles
First, we have to create a new user (“login role”) under which mAirList will access the database server. Right-click the Login Role node, and select New Login Role.
In the dialog that appears, first enter the desired name of the role (e.g. mairlist - you should use all lower case letters).
Then switch to the Definition tab and set a password for the user.
Click OK, and the login role will be created.
Next, we create an empty database in which mAirList will store its contents later. Right-click the Databases node, then select New Database. In the dialog that appears, enter a name for the new database, e.g.
mairlist5 (again all lower case!). Don't forget to set the owner to the
mairlist user we have just created!
Leave all other fields untouched. In particular, the encoding of the database (on the Definition tab) must be set to UTF-8. Click OK to create the new database.
Out of the box, PostgreSQL does not allow any connections from other computers in your LAN. Before we can access the server from another computer, we must edit to configuration files –
pg_hba.conf – and then restart the PostgreSQL service.
These configuration files can be found in the PostgreSQL data directory you chose during setup - by default this is
You can open the files with any text editor, or use the editing functions built into pgAdmin III. We will demostrate the latter option here.
In pgAdmin, go to File → Open postgresql.conf, and locate the
postgresql.conf file in the PostgreSQL data directory. The following dialog will appear:
Look for the setting name listen_addresses. It must be enabled (check mark set) and set to *.
Note: Newer PostgreSQL installations on Windows apparently have this enabled by default. It's a good idea to confirm that the setting is correct though.
Don't forget to click Save if you have made any changes.
The second file,
pg_hba.conf, defines which databases should be accessible from which hosts and users, and which authentication method should be used.
In pgAdmin, click File → Open pg_hba.conf, and select the
pg_hba.conf file from the data directory. You will see a window like this:
Double-click the empty line (that only has a checkbox) at the bottom of the list, and a dialog will appear where you can add a new entry:
In this dialog, enter the following values:
The IP address range must be given in <IP>/<prefix> form. For example, if your network uses the 192.168.178.x addresses with netmask 255.255.255.0 (= prefix /24), enter 192.168.178.0/24. For more information on subnet prefixes, see here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subnetwork
Don't forget to click OK and save the new
If you made any changes to the
postgresql.conf file, you must now restart the PostgreSQL service. You can either reboot the computer, or go to the Windows Control Panel, services, right-click the PostgreSQL service and restart it.
Changes in the
pg_hba.conf file do not necessarily require a restart, but you still have to reload the configuration. In the Windows Start Menu, PostgreSQL group, you will find a link Reload configuration which does the job.
The final step is to open TCP port 5432 in the firewall so that clients on the LAN can connect to our server.
If you use Windows Firewall (enabled by default on all recent Windows installtions), go to Windows Control Panel, System and Security → Windows Firewall → Advanced Settings. The window Windows Firewall with Advanced Security will appear.
In that window, right-click the node Inbound Rules in the tree on the left, then click New Rule. Select Port for as the rule type, then, on the next page, TCP as the protocol, and 5432 as the local port. Click Next, then select Allow connection, click Next, select all network types, click Next again, choose a name (e.g.
PostgreSQL server), then click Finish to save.
PostgreSQL is available as a package in all major Linux distributions. The graphical frontend pgAdmin III is also available as a package (
pgadmin3). If you want to use pgAdmin III, install those two packages, and then follow the instructions for creating a user and database, and enabling network access, from the Windows section above.
For the experienced Linux administrator, we briefly summarize the steps required to get PostgreSQL up and running. The following commands are based on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS with PostgreSQL 9.3. We assume that you work as root while issueing these commands.
Install PostgreSQL package:
apt-get install postgresql
Create a user
mairlist - you will be promted for a password:
sudo -u postgres createuser -P mairlist
Create a database
mairlist5 owned by user
sudo -u postgres createdb -O mairlist mairlist5
To check if networking is enabled, edit the file
/etc/postgresql/9.3/main/postgresql.conf and check if it contains the following line:
listen_addresses = '*'
To grant access to the computers on your LAN (e.g. 192.168.178.x), edit
/etc/postgresql/9.3/main/pg_hba.conf and add the following line:
host all all 192.168.178.0/24 md5
Then restart the PostgreSQL daemon:
service postgresql restart
Now everything should be ready.
See this article.
Now that the PostgreSQL server is up and running, we can set up the clients, in other words, configure the database connection in mAirList. The database application is part of the normal setup package, and the connection setup is made in the same configuration app that is also used to configure the playout functions.
If you are getting an error about “unable to load libpq.dll” during client setup, you must install Microsoft Visual C++ 2010 Redistributable first: http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/details.aspx?id=8328
On all client/mAirList computers that you want to access the mAirListDB, a database connection must be set up in the config.
Install mAirList, then open Windows Start Menu → All Programs → mAirList → Configuration. Go to the Databases page, then click Add and add a new connection of type mAirListDB (networked, PostgreSQL backend).
The mAirListDB connection properties dialog will appear:
On the General tab, enter the host name or IP of the PostgreSQL server, the database name (mairlist5 in the example above) and the name and the password of the user that you created during the server setup (mairlist in our example):
When you click Test login, an error message will appear, saying that the “relation config does not exist”. This is OK at this point, as we haven't set up the tables yet (see next section). Any other message, like “connetion timeout”, “missing pg_hba.conf entry” etc. means that something is wrong with the connection config, server or firewall.
Before you close the dialog and repeat the steps on the other client computers, go to the Setup tab to perform the initial setup tasks.
Before mAirList can use the SQL database, you have to create the tables (database schema) in the still-empty SQL database. This must only be done once, from the first client computer that you set up! Do not repeat this on the other computers!
Go to the Setup tab and click Perform initial setup:
mAirList will now create the SQL tables necessary to hold the mAirListDB library and scheduling data. This might take a few seconds and will eventually be confirmed with the messsage Setup completed successfully:
If you want to connect additional mAirList computers to the database, go to the mAirList configuration app on each computer, and add the connection as described above. Now that we have created the tables, the Test login button should give the message: Login OK
When you click OK to save the connection, you will see the following message:
Each mAirListDB has a unique identifier (made up of several random hexadecimal characters), the “Database ID”. The ID is stored in the
config table inside the SQL server, and also in the
database.ini file of each client PC. It will help mAirList to identify the correct connection if you happen to maintain connections to more than one mAirListDB at a time. Clicking Yes in this dialog will retrieve the ID from the SQL table and store it in the local configuration. (You can look it up on the Advanced tab in the connection properties dialog if you like.)